There are different common names presenting the mandrake in Spanish, still more extended the name of "mandragora" and their various derivatives such as "female Mandrake", "woman Mandrake", "mandrake of bluish flower"...
The names associated with mandrake are also common, because of its similarity to other plants: "berenjenilla" (little eggplant), "lechuguilla" (little lettuce), "cereza de sapo" (toad´s cherry).
Mandragora autumnalis is a perennial herbaceous plant, moderately reduced dimensions, with a well-developed underground system, represented by a thick rhizome, often with an anthropomorphic form.
Leaves are grouped in form of rosette, are large, reaching more than 20cm in length, are reminiscent of those of spinach or chard.
The mandrake flowering occurs in autumn, ranging from beginning of October to the end of December. The color of the flower varies from the bluish to white.
The fruits are fleshy, berry type, in mature state acquire a bright orange color and a diameter of up to 2cm, with a highly viscous and hydrated pulp and a penetrating fruity smell.
Mandrake seeds improves germination after being subjected to stratification by cold, making them to awaken their latent.
The Mandrake is a species with a tendency to grow in sites disturbed by human action, being its common habitat slopes and embankments of roadsides and margins of farmland.
Grow in soils clayey, loamy or limestone, deep, not withstanding the intense cold.